#Episode1 Sudden cardiac arrest can happen to anyone, anytime, and anywhere. Find out what sudden cardiac arrest is in this episode. 

What symptoms indicate a cardiac arrest?

A cardiac arrest usually occurs unexpectedly. A person in cardiac arrest collapses suddenly and If they are unconscious, they will be unresponsive and will not be breathing or not breathing normally (gasping noises). The person will die if no immediate treatment or medical attention is provided. If you see someone having a cardiac arrest, call 112/119 right away and begin CPR.


What is the cause of a cardiac arrest?

A common cause of cardiac arrest is ventricular fibrillation, a potentially fatal abnormal heart rhythm (VF). When the electrical activity of the heart becomes so chaotic that it stops pumping, the heart quivers or 'fibrillates.'

The following are the most common causes of cardiac arrest:

  • a coronary artery disease
  • cardiomyopathy, as well as a few inherited heart conditions
  • heart defect at birth (congenital)
  • disease of the heart valves
  • Myocarditis acute (inflammation of the heart muscle)

Other potential causes of cardiac arrest include:

  • electrocution
  • an overdose of drugs
  • a severe hemorrhage (also known as hypovolemic shock) - excessive blood loss
  • Hypoxia - caused by a significant drop in oxygen levels.


What exactly is the distinction between a cardiac arrest and a heart attack?

A heart attack is not the same as a cardiac arrest. A heart attack occurs when the blood supply to the heart muscle is interrupted. A clot in one of the coronary arteries is frequently to blame. During a heart attack, the heart continues to pump blood throughout the body. The individual will be conscious and breathing. Heart attack may result in cardiac arrest. If you are experiencing heart attack symptoms, it is critical that you seek medical attention immediately by dialing 112/119 for an ambulance.


What is the treatment for a cardiac arrest?

Immediate CPR is critical because it keeps blood and oxygen circulating to the brain and throughout the body. A defibrillator will then deliver a controlled electric shock to try to restart the heart's normal rhythm. Defibrillators for public (AED) use are frequently found in public places such as train stations and shopping malls. Anyone can use one, and no training is required. If you are with someone who is having a cardiac arrest, dial 112/119, begin CPR, and use a defibrillator if one is available. Follow the AED audio's instructions until emergency services arrive.



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