What is an Automated External Defibrillator (AED)?
The Automated External Defibrillator is used to restart a heart that has stopped beating or is beating too fast to produce a pulse. Defibrillators work by shocking the heart back into action.
Many public places such as airports, gyms, shopping malls and sports venues are equipped with defibrillators for emergencies. In the past, only trained medical professionals could use defibrillators. But today's new automated external defibrillators are available to everyone.
When to Use CPR: Recognizing the Emergency The first step in saving lives is recognizing the emergency. Know the warning signs of a heart attack. If you are with someone who is lying down with chest pain, that person may be having a heart attack or going into cardiac arrest. If possible, have someone call 112/119 for her while you start CPR.
CPR Procedures CPR should be used when the patient has stopped breathing and the heart has stopped beating. CPR keeps oxygen-rich blood flowing to the brain and heart until a defibrillator or emergency response team arrives and the heartbeat returns to normal. If he starts CPR immediately after cardiac arrest, he doubles or triples the chances of a victim's survival.
Here is How to Do CPR for an Unresponsive Adult
Call 112/119 immediately and find a defibrillator if available. If you don't know CPR, don't worry. 112/119 staff are trained to explain procedures over the phone. Please start CPR on her immediately after calling 112/119. Remember CAB:
C - Compression: Place the heel of the hand in the center of the victim's chest. Interlace your fingers and place your other hand on top of your first. At least 5 cm for adults and children, and 3.8 cm for infants to compress the chest down. A speed of 100 times per minute or slightly faster is optimal.
A - Airway: If trained to perform CPR, the airway can be opened by tilting the head and lifting the chin.
B - Breathing: Pinch the victim`s nose closed. Take a normal breath, cover the victim's mouth with yours to create an airtight seal, and then give two, one-second breaths as you watch for the chest to rise. Continue compressions and breaths, (30 compressions, 2 breaths), until help arrives.
If possible, use an automated external defibrillator. Attach it to the patient and use it as soon as possible. Follow defibrillator instructions. (Most devices are programmed to talk you through the process, or a 112/119 operator can assist you.) Minimize interruptions in chest compressions before and after each shock. Resume CPR beginning with compressions immediately after each shock.
How to Operate an Automated External Defibrillator?
Operating the Automated External Defibrillator (AED) is very easy. press an "on" button. Once the defibrillator is turned on, a computer-generated voice guides you through the process.
Here is what to expect:
You will be asked to place a set of adhesive electrode pads on the victim's bare chest and connect the pad connectors to the defibrillator as
The defibrillator automatically begins analyzing your heart rhythm to determine if a shock is It is important to avoid physical contact while the defibrillator is analyzing your heart rhythm. The test may not be performed accurately if a person touches or disturbs it.
When the defibrillator determines a shock is needed, it automatically charges and tells you when to press the shock
After a shock has been delivered or if it is determined that no shock is required, you will be asked to check that the person is breathing and circulating If not, you will be prompted to start CPR.
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